Tag Archives: Loyalist

Traitor in Pomfret, CT

My class has been investigating about Patriots and Loyalists in Pomfret, CT in 1774, and my research led me to Nathan Frink who was born in Pomfret in 1757 and lived there around 1774. Frink was a successful lawyer and ultimately described as a traitor. His sister married Israel Putnam’s youngest son, Schuyler Putnam, which made him an in-law of Israel Putnam’s family. Putnam was a noted military man, a Son of Liberty, and Patriot during the Revolutionary War. Because of this marriage, Nathan Frink pretended to be a Patriot, but he did not see a future for him with the Patriot cause and became King’s Attorney. He took on the position of “deputy stamp-master of the north part of Windham County” and built an office near Rectory School’s campus to manage the stamps. However, the Pomfret residents never let him open it, and kicked him out of town.

Benedict Arnold

Subsequently, Frink offered his services to the British commander in New York. As a loyalist, he served as a Captain in the King’s American Legion, the unit raised by Benedict Arnold after his defection, and during the British raid on New London and Groton (1781), Frink acted as an aide and guide to Benedict Arnold.  A quote from the book History of Windham County Connecticut shows us the reaction of his family and friends. Frink’s “aged father most piteously bemoaned ‘that he had lost his son…[and everything that] was dear to him,’ and soon went down into the grave mourning. His sister, the wife of Schuyler Putnam, a large circle of family connections, and all the earnest patriots of Pomfret and its vicinity were overwhelmed with grief, shame, and resentment at this ’mournful defection.’”

After the American Legion disbanded, Nathan Frink resettled to Saint-Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada with other Loyalists in 1783. He lived there until his death on Dec 4, 1817, and he was buried at the Loyalist Burial Ground in Saint-Stephen. The inscription on his gravestone reads “In memory of/Capt. Nathan Frink/who died/Dec 4, 1817/in the 60th year/of his age.”  Additional evidence that he was a loyalist is his listing in the directory of the United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada (UELAC).

Loyalist Burial Ground in Saint-Stephen

Sources:

http://historicplaces.ca/en/rep-reg/place-lieu.aspx?id=7649

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=aek740a&id=I058207

https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Frink&GSfn=nathan&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GScntry=10&GSob=n&GRid=43262882&df=all&

http://www.uelac.org/Loyalist-Info/detail.php?letter=f&line=359

https://books.google.com/books?id=RkxKAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA57&dq=nathan+frink+windham+county&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjg_vrTu53TAhXm7YMKHRTfDMMQ6AEIGzAA#v=onepage&q=nathan%20frink%20windham%20county&f=false

https://benedictarnold.smugmug.com/As-British-General-in-Connecti/Capt-Nathan-Frink-Grave/i-BSXDJL2

Griggs, Susan J. Early Homesteads of Pomfret and Hampton. Salem, MA: Higginson Book, 1984. Print.

Larned, Ellen D. History of Windham County, Connecticut. N.p.: Swordsmith Edition, 2000. Print.

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nbststep/loyalistcem/loyalistbg.htm

Photo Credits:

factfile.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Benedict-Arnold-Facts.jpeg

http://www.uelac.org/Loyalist-Info/detail.php?letter=f&line=359

 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

Godfrey Malbone Jr Loyalist

My English language skills class is researching freedom and slavery around 1774 in our local area, Pomfret, Connecticut.  Can we find out who were patriots and who had loyalist sympathies?  We started by trying to identify patriots and loyalists in Connecticut and Rhode Island.

My topic is Godfrey Malbone Jr, who lived in Pomfret/Brooklyn, CT from 1766 to 1785 when he died. He is buried there in the church, Old Trinity Episcopal, which he built in 1770-1771. In my research, I found that his father, Godfrey Malbone Sr. (1695-1768), was born in Virginia and relocated to Newport RI around 1700 when Godfrey Jr would have been about 5 years old.  Godfrey Malbone Sr owned merchant ships and was famous for being a part of triangle trades and for slaver trading, which made him the wealthiest man in Newport, Rhode Island.  He built the Malbone Hall in Newport, which was “considered the most splendid edifice,” but it burned in 1766, which is one of the reasons why Godfrey Malbone Jr moved to Pomfret, CT.  Another reason is that as a loyalist, he “suffered greatly from Newport mobs” and privateers, so he escaped to the “forest and meadow land” of Pomfret, CT.

4577eef29e1492b92ce25a7798f24206

One of Malbone’s homes in  Brooklyn

With his wealth, Godfrey Malbone Sr had bought land in Pomfret/Brooklyn, Connecticut in 1739. The land was transferred to his son, Godfrey Malbone Jr, in 1764. The deed shows that the farm had 3000 acres, “80 cows, 45 oxen, 30 steers, 59 young cattle, six horses, 600 sheep, 180 goats, 150 hogs and 27 Negroes, in that order.” Until recently, researchers thought Godfrey Malbone Jr was the largest slave owner in CT at the time.  However, archeologist Gerald Sawyer from Central Connecticut State University has found a plantation with slaves owned by Samuel Browne in Salem, CT, which operated from 1718 until about 1780. Samuel Browne had 4000 acres and 60 slave families. My next research step is to find out more about Samuel Browne and the plantation in Salem, CT.

SOURCES:

Griggs, Susan J. Early Homesteads of Pomfret and Hampton. Abington, CT., 1950.

Lang, Joel.  “Chapter One: The Plantation Next Door.” Hartford Courant 29 September 2002. Web 6 April 2017. http://www.courant.com/news/special-reports/hc-plantation.artsep29-story.html

http://www.genealogy.com/forum/regional/states/topics/ri/4581/

http://newporthistory.org/2012/history-bytes-godfrey-malbone-and-brownstone/

Photo Credit  http://www.putnamelms.org/